Perspectives

FHA, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac: What is What, Which is Which?

LoansIn the hopes of allowing more people to have a place they can call their own, the government developed and backs up organizations that offer housing programs and sponsorships. For instance, there is the Federal Housing Administration. As for government-sponsored loans, also commonly referred to as “conventional loans,” they include those offered by Freddie Mac and the more popular Fannie Mae.

All these offer benefits and advantages over housing loans offered by banks and other private institutions, and knowing how they differ can help you better understand and choose the one that best suits your current and future finances.

Mortgage Insurance: One of the Major Differences

One major difference between FHA loans and those offered by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac is the upfront payment for mortgage insurance. To qualify for an FHA loan, you need to acquire mortgage insurance and pay for it upfront and on a yearly basis.

When you qualify for a loan offered by a Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac small-balance multifamily loan lender and can make a down payment of 20%, you no longer have to worry about getting a mortgage insurance.

FHA Loans

Millions of U.S. citizens have become homeowners, thanks to FHA loans. The Housing and Urban Development (HUD) insures these loans, which means that in the event the borrower defaults on the loan, the FHA will take responsibility for it and ensure that the lender will not lose money.

Thanks to this assurance, borrowers who qualify for FHA loans can enjoy easier-to-meet qualifications. Homebuyers who have a credit score lower than 600 can still qualify for an HUD-insured loan. Although borrowers usually have to pay for a 3.5% down payment, it is easier for them to make this than the usual 20% down payment most lenders require.

Government-Sponsored Loans

Government-sponsored loans include those from the congress-made Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac systems. Thanks to them, the mortgage market has become more liquid, stable, and affordable. Banks and other mortgage lenders can readily and easily access funds they provide, allowing them to lower their criteria when it comes to house financing products and services.

Knowing what mortgage best suits your finances can help you make the most of your money. Research carefully before making a decision. When in doubt, consult a professional.

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